Adapting an Exposure and Response Prevention Manual To Treat Youth Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Comorbid Anxiety Disorder: The Case of "Daniel"
Keywords:Cognitive-Behavior Therapy (CBT), Exposure and Response Prevention (E/RP), Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), manualized treatment, case study, clinical case study
AbstractExposure and Response Prevention (E/RP) is an evidenced-based, short-term (12-20 sessions) treatment for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). This treatment has been shown to be effective in randomized control trials (RCTs), including pediatric samples (Franklin et al., 2011). Despite the strong evidence supporting the effectiveness of E/RP, the current E/RP literature remains wanting in terms of clinical process research to support novice clinicians in the adaptation of the principles, techniques, and interventions with such a complex and heterogeneous disorder, as well as with youth suffering from comorbid disorders. Thus, the present study aims to provide a detailed account of the course of a 25-session E/RP treatment and its outcomes with a 14-year-old called by the pseudonym "Daniel," to protect his identity. Guided by the Pragmatic Case Study Method (Fishman, 1999, 2005, 2013), as the therapist I examined this case in systematic qualitative detail and also gathered and analyzed data from standardized quantitative assessment measures. The study concludes with an analysis of the process used in meeting Daniel’s positive treatment goals as well as a discussion of the importance of adaptations made to the E/RP manualized protocol to address the entire range of Daniels’s symptoms.
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