Exposure Therapy -- What Is It That We Are Selling?


  • Jonas Ramnero
  • Fredrik Folke




exposure therapy, Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP), Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD), anxiety, case studies, clinical case studies, case study series


This discussion is a response to Muller and Schultz’s (2012) thoughtful commentary on our case series on treating Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) in this issue of the Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy. We join Muller and Schultz in their dedication to exposure treatment. We  elaborate on their perceptive comments on what exposure is, and how it is presented, applied, and implemented most effectively, in the context of  BDD specifically. We conclude by briefly exploring some of the complexities of the theory underlying exposure therapy. 

Author Biographies

Jonas Ramnero

Jan Fishman, Ph.D. Editor-in-Chief, Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy Professor of Clinical and Organizational Psychology Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Rutgers University Mailing address: 57 Jaffray Court Irvington, NY 10533 914-693-8549 fax: 603-917-2567 email: dfish96198@aol.com

Fredrik Folke

Fredrik Folke




How to Cite

Ramnero, J., & Folke, F. (2012). Exposure Therapy -- What Is It That We Are Selling?. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 8(4), 296–301. https://doi.org/10.14713/pcsp.v8i4.1801