Developing the Adjudicated Case Study Method


  • Susan Stephen University of Strathclyde
  • Robert Elliott University of Strathclyde



adjudicated case study method, Panel of Psychological Inquiry, Research Jury Method, Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design (HSCED), psychotherapy research, evidence, burden of proof, cross-examination, case studies, clinical case studies


In this commentary we discuss Miller’s Panel of Psychological Inquiry (PPI) and Bohart’s Research Jury method approaches to the development of the adjudicated case study method, as represented by the papers assembled for this issue of Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy.  In our view, the case studies presented here demonstrate the rapidly developing potential offered by this approach for psychotherapy research and reveal many parallels to recent research using the Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design (HSCED) model. In our view, each of the three models has taken significant steps forward in adapting particular aspects of the legal process as viable psychotherapy research procedures.  In this commentary we summarize the HSCED method, then take readers through the issues of the sources of the evidence used; ways in which that evidence is tested; claims, burden and standard of proof; and the handling of the adjudication process itself.  We conclude with recommendations for further development of adjudicated case study methods..

Author Biography

Susan Stephen, University of Strathclyde

San Fishman, Ph.D. Editor-in-Chief, Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy Professor of Clinical and Organizational Psychology Graduate School of Applied and Professional Psychology Rutgers University Mailing address: 57 Jaffray Court Irvington, NY 10533 914-693-8549 fax: 603-917-2567 email:




How to Cite

Stephen, S., & Elliott, R. (2011). Developing the Adjudicated Case Study Method. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 7(1), 230–241.



Robert Elliott's "Hermeneutic Single Case Efficacy Design," and Susan Stephen and Robert Elliott's Commentary